22 - 04 - 2019

Туберкулез: профилактика касается каждого!

         

По рекомендации Всемирной организации здравоохранения ежегодно 24 марта в Российской Федерации проводится Всемирный День борьбы с туберкулёзом.        Туберкулез – одно из древнейших инфекционных заболеваний. Открыл возбудителя туберкулеза и доказал, что это не наследственное, а инфекционное заболевание Роберт Кох в 1882 году.

уберкулёз и по сей день считается одной из главных причин высокой смертности во всём мире, до XX века эта болезнь была практически неизлечима. В настоящее время туберкулез поддаётся лечению при своевременном обращении к специалистам. Информировать как можно больше людей об опасности этой болезни, о мерах ее профилактики было задачей очередного заседания клуба «Здоровье и гармония». 

Клуб «Здоровье и гармония» совместно с администрацией студенческого городка за время своего существования организовал немало встреч студентов с врачами по профилактике тех или иных заболеваний. В этот раз в студенческих общежитиях №3 и №4 прошли заседания клуба для студентов нашего университета под названием «Белый цветок жизни». «Белый цветок жизни» - это день бескорыстия, людской доброты и любви к ближнему. Больным он даёт надежду на исцеление, тем, кто помогал, – возможность проявить свои лучшие человеческие качества.

На наше приглашение принять участие в очередном заседании клуба откликнулась врач-фтизиатр  М. А. Бузинова. Марина Аршевна рассказала студентам о профилактике туберкулеза, о том, что заразиться им можно при тесном общении с больными туберкулезом через воздух, носовой платок больного, одежду, посуду, полотенце, постельное белье и другие вещи, возможно заражение и при поцелуе.

Специалист объяснила, что для профилактики туберкулёза  необходимо с детства прививать себе культуру соблюдения личной безопасности. В это понятие входит следование санитарно-гигиеническим нормам, привычка к правильному питанию и здоровому образу жизни, внимательное отношение к собственному здоровью. Если каждый будет регулярно проходить диагностику (хотя бы делать флюорографию), вовремя обращаться при недомогании к врачу и выполнять его назначения, риск распространения таких заболеваний, как туберкулез, существенно уменьшится. А ещё врач посоветовала присутствующим есть побольше овощей, фруктов, не забывать  покупать в аптеке  витамины и, естественно, их употреблять.

Далее присутствующие просмотрели видеоролик «Всё о туберкулёзе». После просмотра Марина Аршевна ответила на интересующие студентов вопросы, информационным дополнением к выступлению специалиста стала традиционная книжная выставка «Если хочешь быть здоров …».

Каждый человек способен уберечь себя от заболевания туберкулезом, просто заботясь о своем здоровье.  «Самое главное — вести здоровый образ жизни, не курить, заниматься физкультурой, правильно  питаться, активно работать, уметь отдыхать, поддерживать у себя хорошее настроение и своевременно обследоваться у врачей», - подчеркнула М. А. Бузинова.                                                                          

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Польшинова С.В., гл. библиотекарь научной библиотеки